Regulations and opportunities
What is a refrigerant?
A refrigerant is a chemical used in a cooling mechanism, such as an air conditioner or refrigerator, as the heat carrier which changes from gas to liquid and the back to gas in the refrigeration cycle. Traditionally, fluorocarbons (CFCs), especially chlorofluorocarbons, were used as refrigerants, but they are being phased out because of their ozone depletion effects. Other common refrigerants used in various applications are ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and non-halogenated hydrocarbons such as propane.
Phasing out of R22
The use of natural refrigerants is a great benefit for environmental conservation. However, many older refrigeration systems are still using the refrigerant R22 (Freon22®). This HCFs is depleting the ozone layer and is a major contributor to the greenhouse effect. That is why the European Commission decided to phase out and ban the use of R22. As from 1 January 2010 it has no longer been permitted for existing cooling, freezing and air conditioning installations filled with R22 to be topped up with new R22 refrigerants (HCFCs).
As from 2015, you will not be able to use any R22 service refrigerants or service refrigerants mixed with R22. Each company should plan a strategy how to phase out the use of R22, whether it is the conversion of an existing refrigeration installation, or installing a new cooling system. Are you owning a R22 based refrigeration installation or air conditioning system? Then it is necessary to take action as soon as possible because the reclaimed refrigerant R22 is becoming increasingly scarce and this may result in the failure of your system. Vink has already helped many customers to find alternatives for their R22 installations and will gladly advise you in finding the most profitable solution for your business.
The use of natural refrigerants is important for the preservation of the environment because they are not harmful to the ozone layer. Natural refrigerants are refrigerants that occur as a substance in nature. They contribute less to the greenhouse efffect because their energetic qualities cause lower CO2 emissions. That is why natural refrigerants are a good choice when it comes to sustainable and affordable refrigerating solutions.
Examples of natural refrigerants that are widely used are ammonia (NH3), CO2 and also propane (R290). All these resources are a good and environmentally friendly alternative to harming chemicals. The use of refrigerants is bound by various European directives. Vink is well aware of the current legislation on refrigerants and is officially certified to work with refrigerants. Based on experience Vink can investigate which sustainable cooling solution and what refrigerants are best for your company.